A study of the 'cognition-action-reflection' mental process via Web-based problem solving learning

Liu Ming-chou, Chu Ying-ching and Chang Xin-seng
National Hualien University of Education
Hualien, Taiwan

With the rapid growth of Web-based learning, it has become more and more important to design a high quality e-learning paradigm. In this study, the authors present a problem-solving instructional e-learning system which is based on a 'cognition-action-reflection' cognitive process. Students were provided with four stages in learning problem solving, viz. (1) recognizing the problem, (2) designing the method, (3) solving the problem, and (4) reflecting on evaluation. Each stage involved three tasks.

The system allowed students to solve semi-structured problems -- that is, to finish an instructional design for integrating ICT into teaching. Students followed the system guides to finish all the learning tasks and completed activities involving higher-order thinking. The findings indicated that: